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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

EIA assesses and predicts the impacts of a proposed project or action on human and ecosystems well-being. As such, EIA focuses on proposed development activities such as highways, power stations, mining, large-scale industrial facilities, or embankment projects. Environmental impact, which may be caused by such activities, is assessed and examined from the earliest project planning stage possible. Alternative proposals or mitigation measures to prevent or reduce the likely adverse impacts must be examined and incorporated into the project plan.

Objectives of EIA

Benefits of EIA

EIA is useful in identifying the environmental and social impacts of proposed projects prior to implementation in order to predict these impacts at an early stage in project planning and design. It aims at finding ways and means of reducing adverse impacts, shape project to suit the local environment, and present the predictions and options to decision makers.

Benefits of EIA

EIA is a planning process used to help ensure that environmental matters are taken into account early in the project planning process, along with the more traditional technical and economic considerations.

  • Improved project design/siting.

  • Give the investor in-depth knowledge of the dos and don'ts of the project in the Nigerian socio-political environment.

  • More environmentally sensitive decisions;

  • Integrate stakeholders through consultations necessary for effective takeoff, operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the project

  • Data Collection

    Information is used to guide the data collection and impact assessment phases.

  • Impact Assessment

    The impact assessment phase involves analyzing the potential environmental impacts of the project and developing strategies to mitigate them.

  • Mitigation Measures

    The mitigation strategies may include changes to the project design or construction methods, or measures to protect or restore affected ecosystems.